FinTechBroker Definition What Does Broker Mean? IG International

Broker Definition What Does Broker Mean? IG International

Nowadays a “dealing desk” is more likely to be a room filled with dozens if not hundreds of traders and analysts. But, before you place your first trade, you need to have a brokerage account. There are thousands of brokers out there, so choosing the right one is not an easy task, especially if you’re completely new to trading. AvaTrade has a strong and solid track record in filling orders and in customer satisfaction, as can be demonstrated by the many awards won over the years. AvaTrade goes above and beyond to offer a value-added service, this includes products and tools like the award-winning AvaTradeGo app, AvaSocial and the AvaProtect™ loss protection feature. Some categories of brokers also make the market by being the interface between the interbank FX market , and the retail traders.

  • This term dealing desk derives from good old fashioned offline trading, when financial institutions actually had a desk where the traders would sit and manage the institution’s investments.
  • Forex traders won’t be disappointed by the advanced trading tools available as well as real-time quotes from many of the world’s largest forex dealing banks.
  • Essentially, dealing desk forex brokers profit by buying at lower prices and selling at higher prices, and by taking advantage of the spreads between the bid and ask price.
  • This compensation may impact how, where and in what order products appear.

Forex traders take long and short sale positions on currency pairs, which calculate the exchange rate between two forms of legal tender, the euro and the U.S. dollar . A long position opens a trade that makes money when the exchange rate moves higher; short sale profits when it moves lower. Unlike stocks, a trader doesn’t borrow money or securities from a broker to open a short sale position, but she may have to pay a rollover fee. Dealing Desk Brokers are typically trading with market makers, they typically offer you a fixed spread and allow you to trade in nano lots. The answer to this question depends on the type of license and business model you choose, but either way, you need to remember the importance of budgeting. How you set your budget and correct estimation of costs will largely determine the success of your venture.

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Forex traders won’t be disappointed by the advanced trading tools available as well as real-time quotes from many of the world’s largest forex dealing banks. You can even trade stocks on international exchanges and attach a forex order to hedge the currency at the same time. The names used to describe forex broker account types available to a trader vary among the many different online brokers, although most of them will offer a variation on certain basic themes to their clients. A broker providing direct market access connects traders to a marketplace. A broker operating an STP execution model hedges all client trades with a liquidity provider with which the broker keeps a pre-funded margin account. Some brokers use different liquidity providers for covering other instruments to access the most competitive conditions.

forex broker types

The firm places an emphasis on customer support and offers relevant educational tools and research amenities that would be well-suited to a novice trader. Founded in 2002 as Poland’s first leveraged foreign exchange brokerage house, X-Trade morphed into X-Trade Brokers in 2004 to comply with new Polish regulations. The company went public in 2007, listing on the Warsaw Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol XTB, and it was rebranded as XTB Online Trading in 2009. This coupled with the ubiquitous MT4 platform and a functional mobile application, comprises LCG’s online consumer offerings.

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IG allows spreads as low as 0.8 pips (a pip is one ten-thousandth of a point), and says that its pricing is up to 20 percent lower on the euro-dollar pair than the top two U.S. brokers. The broker also provides an extensive range of charting capabilities across its platforms. Once MetaTrader is downloaded, the trader can open a demo account with the broker of their choice, or they can open multiple demo accounts with more than one broker. Usually, day traders and scalpers prefer the tighter spreads because it is easier to take small profits as the market needs less ground to cover to get over transaction costs.

You can learn more about trading conditions provided for both types of trading accountshere. The trader’s profit depends on the spread (its size or type – fixed or variable), order execution speed, and the reliability of the broker. The quotes in the interbank market change in milliseconds the price at which the order will be executed depends on how quickly the trade is transferred to the market. In the ECN model, each individual trader acts both as a Price Giver and a Price Taker. In the STP model, a trader sees only market makers’ orders in the Depth of Market, while in the ECN model, there are all existing orders with prices and volumes. Conversely, in the STP model, the trader has to match the offer of a particular liquidity provider .


When choosing a Forex broker, it’s not enough to just check its spread and margin requirements. You can check the broker’s testimonials and reviews to determine if their services are reputable or not. Another thing to take note of is the kind of trading platform offered by the Forex broker you’re looking at. Most of the time, you’ll need to go with the kind of trading platform offered by the broker. Needless to say, most of us will be looking for a web-based platform to start with. However, not all of them can provide the great trading conditions and features that you’re looking for.

As a result, clients came to prefer the STP broker, which is a subset of the overall ECN group. The only real difference between an STP broker and an ordinary ECN is that STP brokers feature Direct Market Access, or DMA. STPs always use the fee markup method of getting paid but to be fair, so do many if not all regular ECN’s, on top of the commission. In the U.S., it’s for clients who want to trade the foreign exchange markets. To deliver on this successfully, IG has adopted the time-honored adage, “go big or go home” because it can. Low spread costs, an emphasis on customer service and education, actionable research, and functional user interfaces make this broker well-suited to compete in the online forex broker market.

What type of Forex broker should I choose?

On the one hand, such a model encourages competition between liquidity providers, thus narrowing the spread and reducing the commission fees. On the other hand, traders do not receive the best price because of the mark-up added to the spread. Another types of forex brokers problem is that the quality of the services offered by liquidity providers is deteriorating over time. That is, they take the other side of the transaction with a client, and therefore it is beneficial for them if clients suffer losses.

Pooled accounts can offer different risk/reward ratios, with higher returns hopefully seen for accounts with a higher risk/reward profile. When you’re working and trading with a forex broker, there are two balances shown for your account. Your other balance is the balance that you would have if you were to https://xcritical.com/ close all your trades. Leverage is both good and bad as you can make exponential profits, but you can also suffer from mounting losses. The law requires forex brokers to disclose this, and they typically do in the fine print. The ideal client of dealing desk brokers is the one who more or less breaks even.


Mobile apps provide the greatest convenience but fewest bells and whistles in a slimmed-down design that usually allows one or two-click trading. It’s best to use the full-featured stand-alone software whenever possible, saving the mobile experience for those times you’re away from your trading desk. So, the difference between this and STP is that an Electronic communication network gives you direct interaction with the liquidity providers and other ECN participants. The broker will link my order to a liquidity provider like banks, hedge funds, and other brokers. This is just the way they run their business, and there are a couple of advantages to trading with a market maker and otherwise known as the dealing desk. Read more on how to comply with the proper risk management procedures and start a Forex brokerage firm with robust sustainability strategies.

forex broker types

The process just described is all done in the broker’s dealing desk department. This is why this class of brokers is known as the dealing desk brokers. If you choose to go with the A-book model, you have to think about exactly how you want to work with liquidity providers. As the term implies, a hybrid operating model combines A-Booking and B-Booking methods. This is achieved by placing profitable traders and trades on the real market (A-Book) and putting unprofitable traders and their trades on the internal execution (B-Book). The hybrid model opens up more flexible risk management options to a Forex brokerage.

Pepperstone: Best for Trading Experience

Make Sure to Check if the Broker Has a Good Safety Mechanism – The Forex trading market is prone to scams. There are a lot of Forex brokers out there that don’t have any regard for the trader’s safety. As much as possible, you need to be sure that the broker you’ll choose has a good safety mechanism you can use. This is especially true if you don’t want to lose money to a scam broker. Finally, you also need to look at the kind of customer support being offered by the Forex broker you’ve chosen. This doesn’t only refer to the kind of support being offered but also the way the broker treats their customers.

A-Book brokers can pass their clients’ orders, known as order flow, to prime brokers, prime of prime brokers, banks and electronic communication networks . These brokerages make their money by charging a commission for providing access to the trading environment. They also profit from applying a markup on the spread and swap rates. Despite there being so many forex brokers in the world, it’s ironic that the phrase broker has begun to lose its meaning. According to Wikipedia, A broker is a person or firm who arranges transactions between a buyer and a seller for a commission when the deal is executed. Somewhere along the way, forex brokers have evolved from solely being middlemen and becoming principals, dealers and agents.

The first thing you might want to consider is the type of accounts being offered by the forex broker you’ve chosen. This is because there are so many types of trading accounts you can choose from. You might want to choose one that offers you a spread that’s suitable to your trading strategy. An A-Book broker can simply pass their clients’ orders to a third party, known as straight-through-processing . Many traders view A-Book brokers as having no conflicts of interest, which isn’t necessarily true. A-Book brokers can execute their customers’ orders in forex marketplaces, or they simply pass them to another party for execution.

Straight through Processing, STP brokers and Electronic Communication Network, ECN brokers. Under this model, brokers work as intermediaries that send their clients’ trading orders to liquidity providers or arrange real market conditions on their platform. If you want to be a Forex broker that clients trust, it’s a good model to implement. Now we’re going to look at methods that ensure this type of operation. Forex market participants are not limited to banks and investment funds, but also include private traders trying to make money on exchange rate differences. All of them are using the services of such companies as FX brokers, but online traders are quite a motley crowd.

When you are trading on an NDD platform, you see one price feed at the choosing of the broker and you do not know the name of the counterparty — it could be a bank, brokerage, mutual fund, or another broker. The benefit of that the counterparty does not see your stops or other components of your overall trade, and so cannot manipulate prices to scam you. The liquidity provider sees only the one trade component and you are anonymous to him. Most forex brokers offer demo accounts that let prospective clients look at the stand-alone, web interface and mobile platforms, allowing them to trade forex pairs with play money. This software displays the same quotes, charts, and watchlists as the real system, so it’s an invaluable resource to examine the quality of the broker’s bid/ask pricing. Be suspicious if the broker doesn’t offer a demo account because it might be using an inferior or outdated platform.

You can easily divide the basic types of forex broker account types into two primary categories. The first category is the forex demo account, which is an account that uses virtual money so that the trader takes no monetary risk when trading. The second type is the live forex trading account, which is funded with real money and can result in actual gains and losses for the trader. Forex broker is a company that helps traders enter the foreign exchange markets in order to make transactions.

Understanding Forex Currency Pairs

There is no external liquidity pool, as the broker executes trades internally. The B-Book model is also called a kitchen, but everything is not that simple. Full-service brokers, or financial advisers, offer more than one service – such as retirement and investment planning, tax advice and research. Someone who doesn’t have time to do their own financial planning might find this type of broker useful. Full-service brokers normally work for fee that is higher than other broker fees. The main difference between full-service brokers and other brokers is the amount of services they offer.

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